native perennial flowers

30 Essential Native Perennial Flowers to Discover in the US

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on native perennial flowers, an enchanting addition to any garden in the United States. In this article, we will explore the captivating world of native perennial flowers, providing you with valuable insights into their beauty and sustainability. Whether you are an experienced gardener or just beginning your gardening journey, our guide will help you create a stunning garden filled with America’s vibrant flora.

Native perennial flowers are a wise choice for any garden as they are well-adapted to local conditions, requiring less maintenance and providing long-lasting beauty year after year. Their resilience and ability to thrive in their natural habitat make them ideal for both novice and seasoned gardeners alike.

As we delve into the world of native perennial flowers, we will gather information from various sources to present you with a comprehensive overview. From the top 10 native wetland plants that bring life to water gardens to the top 10 plants that attract critters and support local wildlife, our guide will cover a wide range of native perennial flowers.

Whether you are looking to create a water garden, attract wildlife, or simply add bursts of color to your landscape, native perennial flowers offer endless possibilities. Join us as we explore the fascinating world of native garden flowers and discover the joy of cultivating these exquisite plants in your own backyard.

Top 10 Native Wetland Plants

Transforming wetland areas into stunning water gardens is made easy by choosing the right selection of native plants. We have curated a list of the top 10 native wetland plants that thrive in water garden environments, offering both visual appeal and ecological benefits.

1. Golden Club

The golden club (Orontium aquaticum) is a showstopper with its unique yellow flower spikes and arrowhead-shaped leaves. It thrives in shallow water and is a favorite among water garden enthusiasts.

2. Yellow Pond-Lily

The yellow pond-lily (Nuphar lutea) is a charming water plant that produces vibrant yellow flowers. It provides shade and shelter for aquatic creatures, creating a harmonious ecosystem in your water garden.

3. Pickerelweed

The pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata) is a versatile plant that can grow in various water depths. Its upright spikes of blue-purple flowers add a pop of color to any water garden setting.

4. Muskgrass

The muskgrass (Chara spp.) is a fascinating algae-like plant that forms dense clusters in water gardens. It not only adds visual interest but also helps maintain water clarity by reducing algae growth.

5. American Water-Willow

The American water-willow (Justicia americana) is an elegant flowering plant with attractive pink blooms. It thrives at the margins of streams and ponds, bringing beauty and pollinator activity to your water garden.

6. Cattails

Recognizable for their tall, slender brown spikes, cattails (Typha spp.) are staple plants in wetland areas. They provide habitat for birds, support pond stability, and add texture to your water garden design.

7. Blue Flag Iris

The blue flag iris (Iris versicolor) is a striking perennial with beautiful purple-blue flowers. It grows well in wet soils and adds a touch of elegance and color to any water garden landscape.

8. Arrow Arum

The arrow arum (Peltandra virginica) is a native wetland plant with distinctive arrow-shaped leaves. It produces creamy white flowers and is a wonderful addition to water gardens, providing visual interest and wildlife habitat.

9. Water Shield

The water shield (Brasenia schreberi) is a unique floating-leaved plant that showcases delicate purple flowers. It helps regulate water temperature in your water garden and provides shelter for aquatic creatures.

10. Buttonbush

The buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) is a shrub-like plant that thrives in wet soils and shallow water. Its unique spherical flower clusters attract pollinators and add a touch of whimsy to water garden landscapes.

By incorporating these native wetland plants into your water garden, you can create a thriving ecosystem and enjoy the beauty of water garden flowers. Their ability to adapt to aquatic environments and provide essential resources for wildlife makes them valuable additions to any water garden landscape.

Top 10 Native Plants for Critters

native plants for critters

Plants are not just beautiful additions to our gardens; they also play a vital role in supporting local wildlife. By incorporating native plants for critters into your landscaping, you can create a wildlife-friendly habitat that attracts a variety of birds, mammals, and insects. These plants provide essential food and shelter, contributing to the overall health of our ecosystem.

Here are our top 10 recommendations for native plants that will not only add beauty to your garden but also support local critters:

11. Serviceberry

Native to various regions in the United States, serviceberry is a versatile shrub/tree that produces colorful berries loved by birds and small mammals.

12. Milkweed

The beloved milkweed plant is not only a host plant for monarch butterflies but also attracts a wide range of pollinators with its nectar-rich flowers.

13. Goldenrod

This vibrant yellow wildflower is a magnet for bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects.

14. Butterfly bush

As its name suggests, butterfly bush is a favorite among butterflies, attracting them with its fragrant flowers.

15. Joe-Pye weed

A tall, native perennial that produces clusters of pinkish-purple flowers loved by butterflies and bees.

16. Purple coneflower

With its distinctive daisy-like flowers and high nectar content, purple coneflower is a popular choice for attracting butterflies, bees, and birds.

17. Columbine

This delicate wildflower with its unique spurred petals is a favorite of hummingbirds and other nectar-seeking birds.

18. Switchgrass

A native grass species that provides cover and nesting sites for birds, as well as food for seed-eating birds and small mammals.

19. Redbud tree

The beautiful redbud tree not only adds aesthetic value to your landscape but also offers nectar for early pollinators.

20. Bee balm

The vibrant flowers of bee balm are a magnet for bees and butterflies, making it an excellent addition to any wildlife garden.

To create a biodiverse landscape that supports a wide range of critters, consider incorporating these native plants into your garden. Their ability to attract and sustain wildlife will enhance both the beauty and ecological value of your outdoor space.

Top 10 Native Wildflowers

Native wildflowers are a beautiful and sustainable choice for any garden. These flowers have adapted to the local climate and soil conditions, making them resilient and easy to grow. Whether you’re creating a wildflower garden or adding pops of color to your existing landscape, native wildflowers are a perfect choice.

Here are our top 10 native wildflowers that thrive in the US:

21. Common Dittany

The aromatic common dittany (Cunila origanoides) is a small perennial wildflower that adds a delightful fragrance to your garden. Its clusters of white or pink flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators.

22. Butterfly Weed

Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is a vibrant wildflower that showcases clusters of bright orange, red, or yellow flowers. This plant is a favorite of butterflies and is essential for monarch butterfly caterpillars as their food source.

23. Coneflower

Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) is a classic and versatile wildflower that comes in various colors, including purple, pink, and white. Its distinctive cone-shaped center adds visual interest and attracts butterflies and bees.

24. Black-Eyed Susan

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) is a cheerful wildflower with golden-yellow petals and a dark brown center. It blooms from summer to fall and is a magnet for bees, butterflies, and birds.

25. Bluebonnet

Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis) is the state flower of Texas and is known for its vibrant blue blooms. These wildflowers create a stunning carpet of color and attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

26. Wild Bergamot

Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is a tall wildflower with lavender or pink flowers that resemble fireworks. The aromatic leaves and flowers attract a variety of pollinators, including bees and hummingbirds.

27. Indian Blanket

Indian blanket (Gaillardia pulchella) is a striking wildflower with vibrant red and yellow petals. It blooms throughout the summer and attracts butterflies, bees, and birds to your garden.

28. Purple Coneflower

Purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia) is a perennial wildflower with cone-shaped centers and pink or purple petals. It is a favorite of butterflies and bees and adds a splash of color to any garden.

29. Prairie Phlox

Prairie phlox (Phlox pilosa) is a delicate wildflower with clusters of pink, lavender, or white flowers. It thrives in sunny areas and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds with its sweet fragrance.

30. Cardinal Flower

Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis) is a tall wildflower with vibrant red flowers that resemble a cardinal’s plumage. It is a magnet for hummingbirds and adds a bold pop of color to your garden.

These native wildflowers are just a few examples of the beautiful and diverse flower species that can enhance your garden. By incorporating these wildflowers into your landscape, you can create a vibrant and sustainable haven for pollinators and enjoy the natural beauty of America’s native flora.

Top Native Shrubs

Shrubs are an essential element of every garden, providing both structure and beauty. When designing your garden, it’s vital to consider native shrubs that are well-suited to your local environment. Native shrubs not only add visual interest to your landscape but also support local wildlife, making them a valuable addition to any garden.

One exceptional native shrub is the southern wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera). With its versatile nature, it can thrive in various soil conditions. The southern wax myrtle is known for its fragrant foliage and attracts a variety of birds with its abundant berries.

Another native shrub that will brighten up your garden is the possum haw viburnum (Viburnum nudum). It delights with vibrant red berries that persist throughout the winter, providing a valuable food source for birds. The possum haw viburnum is also known for its striking fall foliage, with leaves showcasing an array of colors.

Consider incorporating these and other native shrubs into your garden to create a sustainable and visually appealing landscape. By choosing native shrubs, you are not only enhancing the natural beauty of your garden but also contributing to the preservation of local plant species and supporting the ecological balance of your community.


What are native perennial flowers?

Native perennial flowers are plant species that naturally occur in a particular region without any human intervention. They are well-adapted to the local climate, soil, and wildlife, making them a sustainable choice for gardeners.

Why should I choose native perennial flowers for my garden?

Native perennial flowers offer numerous advantages for your garden. They require less maintenance, are more resistant to pests and diseases, and have deep root systems that help improve soil health. Additionally, they attract and support local wildlife, including pollinators like bees and butterflies.

Are perennial plants suitable for all types of gardens?

Yes, perennial plants can thrive in various garden environments, including urban gardens, cottage gardens, and even container gardens. They come in a wide range of sizes, colors, and textures, allowing you to create stunning flower beds or focal points in your garden.

How do I care for native perennial flowers?

Native perennial flowers are generally low-maintenance plants. They require well-drained soil, regular watering during dry periods, and occasional fertilization. It’s also important to remove any weeds that compete for nutrients and sunlight. However, it’s always recommended to check the specific care requirements for each plant species.

Can native perennial flowers tolerate drought conditions?

Yes, many native perennial flowers are drought-tolerant once established. Their deep root systems allow them to access water from lower soil layers, reducing their dependence on frequent irrigation. However, it’s important to water newly planted perennials until they are established.

Can I attract birds and butterflies to my garden with native perennial flowers?

Absolutely! Native perennial flowers provide a valuable source of food and shelter for birds, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. By choosing plants that produce nectar, berries, or seeds, you can create an inviting habitat for these beautiful creatures.

How do I incorporate native perennial flowers into my existing garden?

To incorporate native perennial flowers into your existing garden, you can start by identifying the appropriate plants for your region and soil conditions. You can then create specific perennial flower beds or intersperse them throughout your garden to add pops of color and attract wildlife.

Where can I find native perennial flowers for my garden?

You can find native perennial flowers at local nurseries or garden centers that specialize in native plant species. You can also search online for native plant sales or contact local botanical gardens and conservation organizations for recommendations.

Can I use native perennial flowers in landscaping projects?

Absolutely! Native perennial flowers are ideal for landscaping projects. They can be used in various settings, such as rain gardens, prairie restorations, and naturalized areas. Their beauty and ecological benefits make them a sustainable and visually appealing choice for landscaping.

Where can I find more information about native perennial flowers?

To find more information about native perennial flowers, you can consult books, online resources, and reputable gardening websites. You can also reach out to local horticultural experts or attend gardening workshops and seminars in your area.

Source Links


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *