perennial flowers maine

Best 9 Perennials for Maine’s Blooming Gardens

In Maine, the arrival of spring brings the opportunity to prepare our yards and gardens for the warmer weather ahead. If you’re looking for the perfect perennials to add color and vibrancy to your garden, we’ve compiled a list of recommendations. These flowers, sourced from various experts, are well-suited for spring planting in Maine and will bloom year after year.

In this article, we will explore the best perennial flowers for the Maine climate, highlighting those that thrive in the unique conditions of the region. Whether you’re an experienced gardener or just starting out, these recommendations will help you create a stunning and resilient garden.

Top 9 Perennials for Maine Gardens

When it comes to selecting perennials for your Maine garden, it’s essential to choose plants that can thrive in the state’s unique climate. Native perennial flowers in Maine are particularly well-suited for the local environment and can withstand the fluctuating temperatures and variable weather conditions. These native plants have adapted to the New England climate, making them a reliable choice for Maine gardens. Let’s explore some of the top-performing perennials that will bring beauty and color to your outdoor space year after year.

1. Aster

One of the most popular native perennial flowers in Maine is the Aster. With its daisy-like blooms and vibrant colors, such as purple, pink, and blue, Asters are a favorite among gardeners. They are versatile and can thrive in various growing conditions, from full sun to partial shade. These hardy perennials bloom in late summer and fall, making them a great addition to your garden when other flowers may be fading. With their ability to attract butterflies and bees, Aster adds both beauty and biodiversity to your landscape.

2. Coneflower

Coneflowers, also known as Echinacea, are another fantastic choice for Maine gardens. These native perennials feature striking blooms with cone-shaped centers surrounded by colorful petals. They are available in a range of shades, including purple, pink, white, and orange. Coneflowers prefer full sun but can tolerate some light shade. They bloom from summer to fall, attracting butterflies and other pollinators to your garden. With their sturdy stems and long-lasting blooms, Coneflowers provide a stunning focal point and add a touch of cottage charm to any garden.

3. Black-eyed Susan

Black-eyed Susans are cheerful, yellow flowers with dark centers that bloom throughout the summer. These native perennials are well-suited for Maine gardens due to their ability to tolerate a wide range of soil conditions and their resistance to drought. Black-eyed Susans thrive in full sun and attract bees, butterflies, and birds to your garden. They are easy to grow and can create a vibrant display when planted in groups or mixed with other perennials. With their long-lasting blooms and low maintenance requirements, Black-eyed Susans are a popular choice for both novice and experienced gardeners.

4. Daylily

Daylilies are known for their stunning, trumpet-shaped flowers that come in a wide array of colors, including yellow, orange, pink, and red. These hardy perennials are drought-tolerant and can adapt to various soil types, making them an excellent choice for Maine gardens. Daylilies prefer full sun but can tolerate some shade. With their clumping habit and long blooming period, which ranges from late spring to early fall, Daylilies provide continuous color and add a touch of elegance to any garden landscape.

Best Perennials for Different Blooming Seasons in Maine

To ensure a garden that blooms from spring to fall, consider planting perennials that flower at different times throughout the season. By carefully selecting a variety of perennials with overlapping bloom times, you can enjoy a continuous display of color and beauty in your Maine garden. Here are some perennial flowers categorized by their blooming seasons:

Spring-Blooming Perennials

Spring is a time of renewal and vibrant growth in Maine. Some popular spring-blooming perennial flowers that thrive in the Maine climate include:

5. Tulips (Tulipa spp.)

Known for their iconic cup-shaped flowers, tulips come in a wide range of colors and varieties, and can be beautiful perennial flowers.

6. Daffodils (Narcissus spp.)

These cheerful flowers feature bright yellow or white blooms and are easy to grow.

7. Lilacs (Syringa spp.)

Fragrant lilac flowers create a delightful ambiance in any garden.

Spring-blooming perennials bring a burst of color and fragrance to your garden, signaling the arrival of warmer days.

Summer-Blooming Perennials

As the temperatures rise and the days lengthen, it’s time for summer-blooming perennials to take center stage. Consider these low-maintenance perennial flowers for your Maine garden:

  • Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.): These hardy, colorful flowers bloom in a variety of hues and require minimal care.
  • Coneflowers (Echinacea spp.): With their distinctive daisy-like petals, coneflowers add a vibrant touch to any garden.
  • Black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia spp.): These cheerful yellow flowers attract pollinators and thrive in Maine’s climate.

Summer-blooming perennials create a lively and inviting atmosphere, attracting butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden.

Fall-Blooming Perennials

As the days begin to shorten and the temperatures cool, fall-blooming perennials add warmth and vibrancy to your Maine garden. Asters (Symphyotrichum spp.), as mentioned earlier, is a popular option. These star-shaped flowers bloom in a range of colors, including shades of purple, pink, and white.

Consider these other options for a late-season burst of color:

8. Sedums (Sedum spp.)

With their succulent foliage and clusters of tiny flowers, sedums are a versatile choice for fall gardens.

9. Goldenrods (Solidago spp.)

These bright yellow flowers bring a touch of sunshine to your garden and provide nectar for pollinators.

Fall-blooming perennials extend the beauty of your garden into the cooler months, ensuring a stunning display until the first frost arrives.

Planting perennials that bloom at different times throughout the season allows you to enjoy a diverse and visually appealing garden year-round. Remember to select varieties that are well-suited to the Maine climate and require minimal maintenance. Whether you prefer the vibrant colors of spring, the lively hues of summer, or the warm tones of fall, there is a perennial flower for every season in Maine.

Understanding Maine’s Plant Hardiness Zones

Maine is divided into five USDA plant hardiness zones based on average annual minimum temperatures. These zones help us select the perfect perennials, shrubs, and trees that can thrive in our specific climate conditions. When planning your garden, it’s essential to consider the hardiness zone you are in and choose plants accordingly.

Here are the different plant hardiness zones in Maine:

Zone Temperature Range (°F)
Zone 3 -40 to -30
Zone 4 -30 to -20
Zone 5 -20 to -10
Zone 6 -10 to 0
Zone 7 0 to 10

Knowing your specific zone will help you determine the cold hardiness of plants and ensure they can withstand the temperature extremes in your area. Whether you’re looking to buy perennial flowers in Maine or plant trees and shrubs, understanding your plant hardiness zone is crucial for successful gardening.

When selecting plants, be sure to check their recommended hardiness zone and ensure they are suitable for your zone. By choosing the right plants, you’ll set yourself up for a thriving and beautiful garden in Maine.

Where to Buy Native Perennials for Maine

Here is a list of recommended locations to buy native perennials for Maine.

Local Organizations Selling Native Plants and Seeds in Maine

  1. Wild Seed Project
  2. Knox-Lincoln Soil & Water Conservation District
  3. Maine Native Plants by Maine Audubon
  4. Native Gardens of Blue Hill

Preparing Your Garden Site in Maine

perennial flowers Maine

Before starting a new bed in your garden, it’s important to consider your site’s specific conditions. Take note of the sun exposure throughout the day, including morning or afternoon sun, direct sunlight, shade, or part shade. This information will help you determine which plants will thrive in each area.

One of the key factors to consider when preparing your garden site in Maine is the amount of sunlight your plants will receive. Some perennial flowers, such as sun-loving varieties like coneflowers or black-eyed Susans, require direct sunlight for a significant portion of the day to thrive. On the other hand, if you have a shady area in your garden, you can choose shade-tolerant perennials like hostas or astilbes.

Additionally, you should consider the soil conditions in your garden. Maine has varying soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils. Conduct a simple soil test to determine the pH level and nutrient content of your soil. This will help you select perennial flowers that are suited to your specific soil type and make any necessary amendments to improve the soil fertility.

Lastly, it’s important to assess the overall drainage of your garden site. Perennial flowers generally prefer well-draining soil, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot and other plant diseases. If you have an area in your garden that tends to retain water, consider incorporating organic matter, such as compost or peat moss, to improve drainage.

Choosing the Right Plants for Your Garden Site

By understanding the specific conditions of your garden site, you can select perennial flowers that will thrive in Maine’s climate. Whether you have a sunny spot, a shady area, sandy soil, or clay soil, there are perennial flowers suited to your specific needs. Consider native options that are adapted to the local climate and browse through our recommendations for the best perennial flowers for the Maine climate.

Consider Native and Hardy Plants for Your Maine Garden

When creating a garden in Maine, it’s important to choose plants that can thrive in the local climate and require less maintenance. Native Maine species and cultivars derived from natives, known as “nativars,” are highly recommended for Maine gardens. These plants have withstood the test of time and are well-adapted to the specific conditions of the local climate and habitat.

By incorporating native perennials and shrubs into your garden, you can enjoy beautiful blooms while supporting the local ecosystem. Some popular native options for Maine gardens include asters, goldenrods, red maples, and summersweets. These plants not only add visual appeal to your garden but also provide food and shelter for local wildlife.

When selecting plants for your Maine garden, consider visiting local nurseries or garden centers that specialize in native and hardy varieties. They can provide expert advice and guidance on the best plants for your specific location. Additionally, by choosing local suppliers, you support the local economy and contribute to the preservation of local plant populations.

Embrace Wildlife and Enjoy Gardening in Maine

Gardening in Maine offers not only the joy of cultivating beautiful perennial flowers but also the opportunity to coexist with the local wildlife. From birds to butterflies and even deer, these creatures are an integral part of the ecosystem. While they can sometimes cause damage to our plants, it’s important to find a balance and appreciate their presence.

When it comes to protecting your garden from deer, there are a few strategies you can employ. One option is to choose low maintenance perennial flowers Maine that are naturally deer-resistant. These varieties have characteristics that make them less appealing to deer and reduce the risk of damage to your garden.

Another option is to consider implementing protective measures, such as erecting a tall fence around your garden. This physical barrier can help prevent deer from accessing your plants and ensure their safety. Remember to check local regulations and guidelines before installing any fencing.

While it’s important to protect our plants, it’s equally important to understand that wildlife plays a vital role in our environment. By creating a garden that embraces native plants and offers habitat for wildlife, we can contribute to the overall health and biodiversity of our surroundings.

As you plan where to plant perennial flowers in Maine, consider incorporating spaces that provide food, water, and shelter for wildlife. This could include adding birdhouses, birdbaths, and native shrubs that provide nectar and berries for pollinators and birds.

By embracing wildlife and finding ways to coexist harmoniously, we can create a garden that not only delights our senses but also supports the natural ecosystem of Maine.

Creating a Wildlife-Friendly Garden

To further enhance your garden’s appeal to wildlife, consider incorporating the following elements:

  • Plant a variety of native flowers and shrubs that attract pollinators and provide a source of food.
  • Create a water feature, such as a small pond or a birdbath, to provide water for birds and small animals.
  • Install birdhouses, bat houses, or bird feeders to provide shelter and food for different species.
  • Use organic gardening practices to avoid harmful chemicals that can disrupt the natural balance of the ecosystem.

By incorporating these elements, your garden will become a haven for wildlife, allowing you to enjoy the beauty of nature right in your own backyard.


With its diverse climate and beautiful landscapes, Maine provides the perfect setting for cultivating a stunning garden filled with perennial flowers. Selecting plants that thrive in the Maine climate, carefully preparing your garden site, considering native and hardy options, and finding ways to coexist with wildlife will all contribute to the success of your garden.

By choosing the best perennial flowers for the Maine climate, you can ensure that your garden will bloom year after year, bringing you joy and beauty. Whether you prefer colorful blooms in spring, vibrant displays in summer, or rich autumn foliage, there are perennial flowers that will suit your garden’s needs.

Additionally, incorporating native plants and cultivars adapted to the Maine climate will not only provide low-maintenance options but also attract local wildlife, enhancing the biodiversity and ecological balance of your garden.

So, embrace the enchanting world of perennial flowers in Maine and create a blooming garden that will bring you delight in every season. With the right selection, careful planning, and a touch of wildlife harmony, your Maine garden will be a source of pride and inspiration for years to come.


Which are the best perennials for blooming gardens in Maine?

Some of the top-performing perennials for Maine gardens include asters, goldenrods, red maples, and summersweets.

What are the top perennials for Maine gardens?

Some of the top-performing perennials for Maine gardens include asters, goldenrods, red maples, and summersweets.

What are the best perennials for different blooming seasons in Maine?

For early spring, some perennials to consider are bloodroot, lungwort, and hellebores. For summer, try bee balm, echinacea, and phlox. For fall, consider asters, sedum, and goldenrod.

What are Maine’s plant hardiness zones and why are they important?

Maine is divided into five USDA plant hardiness zones (ranging from Zone 3 to Zone 7), which are based on average annual minimum temperatures. Knowing your zone helps you select perennials, shrubs, and trees that can withstand the specific climate conditions of your area.

Where should I plant perennial flowers in Maine?

Before starting a new bed in your garden, it’s important to consider your site’s specific conditions. Take note of the sun exposure throughout the day, including morning or afternoon sun, direct sunlight, shade, or part shade. This information will help you determine which plants will thrive in each area.

Should I consider native and hardy plants for my Maine garden?

Yes, native Maine species and cultivars derived from natives, known as “nativars,” are highly recommended for Maine gardens. These plants have proven themselves over time and are adapted to the local climate and habitat, requiring less maintenance.

How can I prevent damage to my plants from wildlife in Maine?

Gardening in Maine often involves coexisting with wildlife, including deer. To prevent damage to your plants, you can choose deer-resistant varieties or employ protective measures like erecting a tall fence. However, it’s important to remember that wildlife is a part of the ecosystem, and finding a balance is key.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *